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Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) refers to a wide range of methods of conflict resolution which help the parties reach an agreement without being tried or contentious. These methods typically involve a third party who assists them in resolving disputes. In often instances, both ADR and the court authorization methods are applied in connection with the litigation process. The 222nd report by the Indian Legal Commission states that, primarily through Article 39A, equal opportunities for each individual to obtain justice are ensured, and that they cannot be negated by any citizen because of the economic or other disability of any kind.

Many people, like India, continue to live in poverty in developing countries. When their rights are violated, they frequently lack the financial resources to fight lengthy legal battles. They do not have sufficient funds to hire a lawyer. They are unfamiliar with the legal system and procedures. As a result, they frequently perceive the court system as an inconvenience.